Cumulative University Average

The cumulative university average includes all university courses taken by applicants, including graduate and undergraduate courses, any repeats or failures as well as any courses listed as ‘extra’ on transcripts. The cumulative university average will also include summer courses – except for summer courses taken in the same year that the applicant is applying.

The Faculty will convert letter grades to percentage values for the purpose of calculating a cumulative average.

In cases where a student has opted for a CR/NCR, where a letter or percentage grade would normally be reported, the actual percentage or letter grade that is reported in the student record system will be calculated into the cumulative average.  This is effective for courses beginning September 2015 or later. 

The cumulative university average does not include any secondary school grades, nor does it include grades obtained in IB, AP, GCE or CEGEP studies, although credits obtained in these systems of study may be used for purposes of satisfying some of the individual subject requirements.

For all eligible applicants the cumulative average will normally also include the grades for internationally obtained university credits (from recognized institutions), taking into account the differences in various worldwide grading practices.  The general grading system in the country in which the qualifications were obtained as well as the scale used at the post-secondary institution(s) attended are considered.  However, details regarding individual assessments are not provided.

The published minimum required average is 70% (i.e. a 'B-' at the University of Toronto).  However, depending on the applicant pool, the minimum required average for selection for an interview, or in final selections, may be higher.

Most competitive applicants possess an average of at least 77% (equivalent to a 'B+' at the University of Toronto).  In recent years, the median average for admitted students has been 80% (equivalent to 'A-' at the University of Toronto).